Lula, am I to presume that what you are calling the Jewish Encyclopedia you are refering to the Encyclopedia Judaica?
The Jewish Encyclopedia I know of is only 12 Volumes (16 in Russian) whose online version is found on the links I provided.
Yes, in post 46, I quoted from The Jewish Encyclopedia volume 11, page 485 and 501.
And it if hadn't been for Alexander, the Phoenicians under Iranian rule would have likely reached America much earlier, around 2000 years ago and 1500 years before Columbus.
The Greeks and Romans really set the world back a bit.
Again, even Jewish history recounts that the traiterous actions of the Morranos were a gross injustice. Through false conversion, these Marranos who took Christianity on their lips (false oath..."Kol Nidre") but kept Judaism in their heart, took advantage of the Chruch in an attempt to infiltrate Spanish government. The Spanish Inquisition was instituted at the request of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella who caught on to the heretical conduct which was both a sin, a violation of God's law, and considered a crime, which is an act against the state and considered worthy of punishment.